The Asthamangal Thangka is a type of thangka that incorporates the eight auspicious symbols, referred to in Sanskrit as the "Asthamangal". These symbols include the Parasol (Chattra), signifying protection from hardship, the Golden Fish (Suvastu) symbolizing freedom, the Treasure Vase (Kalasha) representing abundance, the Lotus (Padma) for purity, the Conch Shell (Shankha) for spiritual awareness, the Endless Knot (Srivatsa) for interconnectedness, the Victory Banner (Dhvaja) for overcoming obstacles and the Dharma Wheel (Dharmachakra) representing the Buddhist teachings.
These eight auspicious symbols are commonly placed in an Asthamangal Thangka in a pleasing and balanced arrangement. Depending on the function and lineage of the particular thangka, the center figure or god may change. The symbols are frequently painted in vivid colors, elaborate patterns, and celestial or floral themes surround them.
Each symbol in the Asthamangal Thangka holds special significance and offers spiritual guidance and protection. This thangka is a powerful and meaningful symbol of Buddhist beliefs.